Malaria in Africa

The Malaria Atlas Project

sheds new light on the impact of malaria control in Africa

Malaria in Africa has halved since the turn of the millennium

663 million cases have been averted

The impact of malaria control on Plasmodium falciparum in Africa, 2000–2015

Since the year 2000, a concerted campaign against malaria has led to unprecedented levels of intervention coverage across sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding the effect of this control effort is vital to inform future control planning. However, the effect of malaria interventions across the varied epidemiological settings of Africa remains poorly understood owing to the absence of reliable surveillance data and the simplistic approaches underlying current disease estimates.

A new study by the Malaria Atlas Project, published in Nature, has quantified the attributable effect of malaria disease control efforts in Africa. We found that Plasmodium falciparum infection prevalence in endemic Africa halved and the incidence of clinical disease fell by 40% between 2000 and 2015. We estimate that interventions have averted 663 million clinical cases since 2000. Insecticide-treated nets, the most widespread intervention, were by far the largest contributor. Although still below target levels, current malaria interventions have substantially reduced malaria disease incidence across the continent.

The top image shows infection prevalence in 2000, with low values in blue and high in red. The bottom map shows how much this has declined by 2015.

Explore the data



Explore the data

Explore the Data


Plasmodium falciparum parasite rate in 2-10 year olds


Plasmodium falciparum incidence rate


Insecticide treated bednet coverage


Indoor residual spraying coverage


Artemisinin-based combination therapy coverage

PfPR2-10 in Africa - Year: 2000

PfPR2-10 in Africa 2000-2015

This map shows the modelled parasite rate for Plasmodium falciparum for the years 2000-2015 for all African countries where it is endemic. The map shows the percentage of 2-10 year olds infected by the parasite for each year.

Click on a country to see the national mean for each year.