Afghanistan

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Variable depending on species and location Forested areas with perennial streams, deforested riverine ecosystems and irrigated areas, plains, hilly and mountainous areas Zoophilic / both Both Endophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis species complex Variable depending on location Lowland freshwater habitats with vegetation in open areas Zoophilic Exophagic Exophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) stephensi Liston, 1901 Variable depending on location Urban and peri-urban areas, rural villages Zoophilic / both Endophagic / both Endophilic Evening / night

Inherited blood disorders

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