Botswana

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) funestus Giles, 1900 Important vector wherever found Swamps, lakes edges with emergent vegetation and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) arabiensis Patton, 1905 Important vector Dry savannah, sparse woodland and rice fields Both Exophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) gambiae Giles, 1902 Highly competent vector Sunlit shallow temporary pools and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) nili species complex Malaria vector throughout range Edges of fast-flowing streams and rivers, in degraded forest and savannah Anthropophilic / both Both Both Evening / night

Inherited blood disorders

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