Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table


Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) arabiensis Patton, 1905 Important vector Dry savannah, sparse woodland and rice fields Both Exophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Variable depending on species and location Forested areas with perennial streams, deforested riverine ecosystems and irrigated areas, plains, hilly and mountainous areas Zoophilic / both Both Endophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) funestus Giles, 1900 Important vector wherever found Swamps, lakes edges with emergent vegetation and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn

Inherited blood disorders

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