Indonesia

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) balabacensis Baisas, 1936 Variable depending on location Forested areas, shaded temporary pools Anthropophilic Both Both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) farauti species complex Variable depending on species and location Coastal areas, brackish or fresh water, highland river valleys, a great variety of aquatic habitats Anthropophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Day / evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) punctulatus species complex Important malaria vector across its range Lowland river valleys and plains up to 1700m with perennial rainfall, recently disturbed or cleared areas Anthropophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) koliensis Owen, 1945 Important vector throughout range Irrigation ditches and ponds in sunlight with vegetation Anthropophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) dirus species complex Includes highly competent vector species Forested mountains and foothills, cultivated forests, plantations and forest fringes Anthropophilic Both Exophilic Night
Anopheles (Cellia) aconitus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location and density Coastal plain and upland rice fields Zoophilic Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus species complex Variable depending on location Open mangrove and coastal shrimp or fish ponds, inland seawater canals Anthropophlic / both Both Both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia
Anopheles (Cellia) flavirostris (Ludlow, 1914) Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia
Anopheles (Cellia) leucosphyrus and Anopheles (Cellia) latens Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia
Anopheles (Anopheles) barbirostris species complex Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia
Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis species complex Present but non or minor vector in Indonesia

Inherited blood disorders

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