Sri Lanka

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Anopheles) barbirostris species complex Important vector Highlands areas, deep fresh water including with organic pollutants, rice fields Zoophilic / both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Variable depending on species and location Forested areas with perennial streams, deforested riverine ecosystems and irrigated areas, plains, hilly and mountainous areas Zoophilic / both Both Endophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Important vector Irrigated areas, rice fields and hilly-forested areas Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Variable depending on species and location Coastal brackish water, freshwater riverine pools and rice fields Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) aconitus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location and density Coastal plain and upland rice fields Zoophilic Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Present but non or minor vector in Sri Lanka

Inherited blood disorders

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