Myanmar

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) aconitus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location and density Coastal plain and upland rice fields Zoophilic Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) barbirostris species complex Minor vector Highlands areas, deep fresh water including with organic pollutants, rice fields Zoophilic / both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) dirus species complex Includes highly competent vector species Forested mountains and foothills, cultivated forests, plantations and forest fringes Anthropophilic Both Exophilic Night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Variable depending on location and density Irrigated areas, rice fields and hilly-forested areas Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) minimus species complex Important malaria vectors Forested and deforested hills, agricultural fields including traditional rice agro-ecosystems, 200-900m Both Both Both Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis species complex Variable depending on location Lowland freshwater habitats with vegetation in open areas Zoophilic Exophagic Exophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) stephensi Liston, 1901 Variable depending on location Urban and peri-urban areas, rural villages Zoophilic / both Endophagic / both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) sundaicus species complex Variable depending on location Open mangrove and coastal shrimp or fish ponds, inland seawater canals Anthropophlic / both Both Both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Variable depending on species and location Coastal brackish water, freshwater riverine pools and rice fields Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Present but non or minor vector in Myanmar

Inherited blood disorders

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