Nepal

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) aconitus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location and density Coastal plain and upland rice fields Zoophilic Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) barbirostris species complex Minor vector Highlands areas, deep fresh water including with organic pollutants, rice fields Zoophilic / both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) fluviatilis species complex Important vector depending on species and location Forested areas, slow-flowing streams or irrigation channels, mountainous regions Both Both Both Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis species complex Variable depending on location and density Lowland freshwater habitats with vegetation in open areas Zoophilic Exophagic Exophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Variable depending on species and location Coastal brackish water, freshwater riverine pools and rice fields Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Important vector Irrigated areas, rice fields and hilly-forested areas Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Present but non or minor vector in Nepal

Inherited blood disorders

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