Pakistan

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) fluviatilis species complex Important vector depending on species and location Forested areas, slow-flowing streams or irrigation channels, mountainous regions Both Both Both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) sergentii species complex Variable depending on location Desert oases, irrigation channels with vegetation or algae and rice fields Zoophilic / both data not available Both data not available
Anopheles (Cellia) stephensi Liston, 1901 Variable depending on location Urban and peri-urban areas, rural villages Zoophilic / both Endophagic / both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Variable depending on species and location Coastal brackish water, freshwater riverine pools and rice fields Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) sinensis species complex Variable depending on location and density Lowland freshwater habitats with vegetation in open areas Zoophilic Exophagic Exophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) culicifacies species complex Present but non or minor vector in Pakistan

Inherited blood disorders

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