Panama

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albimanus Wiedemann, 1820 Variable depending on location Sunlit ponds, river margins, mangroves and rice fields Both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) aquasalis Curry, 1932 Variable depending on location Sunlit habitats with emergent vegetation in coastal areas Both Both Exophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) pseudopunctipennis species complex Malaria vector in a range of locations including high altitudes Sun-exposed, shallow streams or pools with abundant filamentous algae Both Both Exophilic / both Night
Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis species complex Present but non or minor vector in Panama
Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) marajoara Galvão & Damasceno, 1942 Present but non or minor vector in Panama

Inherited blood disorders

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