Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table


Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) flavirostris (Ludlow, 1914) Important vector Foothills, streams, from coastal plains to 600-1500m Both Both Exophilic / both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) balabacensis Baisas, 1936 Variable depending on location Forested areas, shaded temporary pools Anthropophilic Both Both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Variable depending on location and density Irrigated areas, rice fields and hilly-forested areas Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) lesteri Baisas & Hu, 1936 (formerly An. anthropophagus in China) Not known to transmit malaria in the Philippines Cool shady places, hills and grassy fields, fresh-water pools Both data not available Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) subpictus species complex Present but non or minor vector in Philippines

Inherited blood disorders

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