Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table


Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) arabiensis Patton, 1905 Important vector Dry savannah, sparse woodland and rice fields Both Exophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) funestus Giles, 1900 Important vector wherever found Swamps, lakes edges with emergent vegetation and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) merus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location Shallow brackish pools, coastal swamps and inland salt pans Both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night / dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) nili species complex Malaria vector throughout range Edges of fast-flowing streams and rivers, in degraded forest and savannah Anthropophilic / both Both Both Evening / night

Inherited blood disorders

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