São Tomé and Príncipe

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) gambiae Giles, 1902 Highly competent vector Sunlit shallow temporary pools and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) funestus Giles, 1900 Important vector wherever found Swamps, lakes edges with emergent vegetation and rice fields Anthropophilic / both Endophagic / both Both Evening / night /dawn
Anopheles (Cellia) nili species complex Present but non or minor vector in São Tomé and Príncipe
Anopheles (Cellia) moucheti Evans, 1925 Present but non or minor vector in São Tomé and Príncipe

Inherited blood disorders

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