Timor-Leste

Malaria risk

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Mosquito vectors

The table above summarises the dominant malaria vector species believed to be present and below are maps showing the predicted occurrence of these species. Click on an individual map to find out more about it.

Bionomics summary table

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Species / species complex

Vector status across species' range

Primary environment

Zoophilic / anthropophilic

Endo / exophagic

Endo / exophilic

Biting time

Anopheles (Cellia) aconitus Dönitz, 1902 Variable depending on location and density Coastal plain and upland rice fields Zoophilic Both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) annularis van der Wulp, 1884 Variable depending on location and density Irrigated areas, rice fields and hilly-forested areas Zoophilic Both Endophilic Evening / night
Anopheles (Anopheles) barbirostris species complex Vector in Timor-Leste Coastal areas, deep fresh water including with organic pollutants, rice fields Zoophilic / both Exophagic / both Exophilic / both Evening / night
Anopheles (Cellia) flavirostris (Ludlow, 1914) Variable depending on location Foothills, streams, from coastal plains to 600-1500m Both Both Exophilic / both Night
Anopheles (Cellia) maculatus Group Variable depending on species and location Hilly and mountainous areas, permanent or semi-permanent clean water bodies of sunlit water Zoophilic / both Both Exophilic / both Evening / night

Inherited blood disorders

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